Ipatiev House - Romanov Memorial - The tragic end of the last Czar of Russia
Ipatiev House - Romanov Memorial - The tragic end of the last Czar of Russia

 

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      In 1917, the brutal murder of the Romanov family by bolshevik soldiers in a small Siberian town was one of modern history's most haunting and mysterious events.
      When I was 10, I read an article about this horrible murder. The photo of the room where they have been murdered haunted my mind during many years. In that sinister room, a whole family had been savagely murdered.
      It is what was supposed because, until the recovering of their bodies in 1979, then in 2007, this historic drama was itself an enigma and Anastasia story was only one of its numerous chapters. But today, the whole part of the mystery collapsed and
there remains only the dramatic destiny of the last Czar of Russia.
      In this cellar room had been played the destiny of Russia. With the death of the last Czar, the country was going to fall under the communist yoke for 80 long years of a reign without equivalent in the man's history.
       The theater of this drama, Ipatiev house, the ultimate jail of the Romanovs no longer exists. It was destroyed in 1977 by communists to avoid its becoming a pilgrimage place. Whereas it could have symbolized the duty of memory of Russia.

     Some years ago, I practised CAD and computer graphic software a lot for architectural projects and I decided to use this technology to rebuild this historic place of Russian History. I thought it could be a valuable challenge to link CAD technology to historical searchs.

     During several years, I had collected documents about Ipatiev house and
in February 99, I decided to start the project itself. It took me about 6 months from first drafts to last rendered views. I immediately thought of a web site to present this work because my homepage, at this time hosted by my business school, already included a section about Romanovs (actual Historical Background, Cellar Room and photos) which had many visitors.

    The first release of Romanov-Memorial was designed in spring 1999 and was published in September. Then, it was updated two or three time between this date and April 2001. The present R3 release was designed between January and July 2002.

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Books  

  • Enquête judiciaire sur l'assassinat de la famille Impériale Russe - Nicolas Sokolov - Payot - 1926 [Read it here (RU)]
  • Le tragique Destin de Nicolas 2 et de sa famille - Pierre Gilliard - Payot - 1921 [Read it here (US)]
  • Le drame des Romanov  - Michel de Saint Pierre - Laffont - 1971
  • Enquête sur le massacre des Romanov - Marina Grey - Librairie académique Perrin - 1987
  • La mort du dernier Tsar - Nicolas Ross - L'Age d'Homme - 2001
  • Le dossier Romanov - Anthony Summers & Tom Mangold - Albin Michel - 1980
  • La Fuite d'Alexis, fils du tsar Nicolas II - V. Petrov, I. Lyssenko, G. Egorov - La Martinière - 1998
  • Nicolas II , Le dernier des tsars - Edvard Radzinsky - Le cherche midi - 2002
  • La nuit de l'Oural, l'assassinat des Romanov - Pierre Lorrain - Bartillat - 1996
  • La Maison à destination spéciale - Valentin Spéranski - J. Ferenczi & Fils Editeurs - 1929
  • The Fate of the Romanovs - Greg King & Penny Wilson - Wiley - 2003
  • Précepteur des Romanov, le destin russe de Pierre Gilliard - Daniel Girardin - Actes Sud - 2005
  • The house of special purpose - Charles Sydney Gibbes / J.C. Trewin - Stein and day - 1975

Newspapers  

  • Historia Hors Série 5 - La tragédie d'Ekaterinbourg - 1967 - Pages 127 à 138
  • L'Express - Ainsi finirent les Romanov - July 1993 - Pages 64 - 69
  • L'Histoire n° 187 - La vérité sur l'assassinat de Nicolas II - April 1995 - Pages 64 - 69
  • Historia n° 919 - Le dernier Tsar retrouvé et enterré dans l'indifférence - Pages 18 - 25
  • Le Figaro Magazine - La Gloire des Romanov - Une dynastie sacrifiée - July 1998 - Pages 32 - 40
  • La Croix - La Russie redécouvre le dernier des tsars - February 1998
  • Historia Spécial n° 49 - La vérité sur l'exécution des Romanov - Pages 108 - 112
  • Le Figaro Magazine - Nicolas II - Pages 32 - 40 - July 1992
  • Notre Histoire n° 155 - 1918 : Les rouges liquident les Romanov - Pages 40 à 46
  • VSD - L'énigme Nicolas II - July 1999
  • Le dernier mystère des Romanov - Le Figaro - 26 Août 2005 - Page 20
  • Science et Vie n° 970 - Nicolas II . Qui va-t-on inhumer à St Pétersbourg - July 1998 - Pages 46 à 50

Web Sites

  • http://www.fr-d-serfes.org/royal
  • http://www.nicholasandaleksandra.com
  • http://www.alexanderpalace.org
  • http://www.npsnet.com/tsarevich_alexei
  • http://anyajo.tripod.com/ana_fr.html
  • http://www.imperial-russia.co.uk/
  • http://www.naotmaa.com
  • http://www.livadia.org
  • http://welcome.to/czars
  • http://www.espb.ru/hramnakrovi/Ipatiev/index_ipatiev.htm
  • http://www.ural.ru/imperator/page1.html.ru

Videos

  • Mystery of the last Czar - Director : Victoria Lewis - Arte - July 1998

 

The main difficulty to rebuild Ipatiev house was due to the lack of documents about this house. During years I collected all the documents I could find about Romanov drama and Ipatiev house. For example, Gilliard's book I found in a 1926 edition gave me good ground maps of the house but I thought that Sokolov's book which was considered as the main book on the subject could teach me more. But it was very difficult to find this book!
     It was only in February 1999, during a journey in Canada that I found Sokolov's book at Laval university.
     This book included other ground maps and photos of the house but I didn't find anything about vertical dimensions.

 

Ipatiev House - Romanov Memorial - The tragic end of the last Czar of Russia
Wired view of Nikolai, Aleksandra and
Alexei room windows (At the corner)

 

Ipatiev House - Romanov Memorial - The tragic end of the last Czar of Russia
Shaded view of the entrance door
of the first floor of Ipatiev house

 

     Besides, all existing views of the house were perspectives which could not make it possible to estimate vertical dimensions. I was lucky to find the right proportions after a lot of tests.
     The main part was done but there was still a lot of work! Then, I drew all house frontages, first on paper, then on CAD software. It took me about 2 months to finish it.
     The complex style of the house obliged me to simplify the architecture a lot. You can see this 2D maps in the Outside section.
     Then, having house maps, I could then start to rebuild Ipatiev house. For this, I imported 2D
shapes in the 3D modeling programs and extruded it to obtain volumes. Gradually, with the progress of this work, the database size of 3D objects increased to finally reach about 4 MB with more than 100 000 faces used.
     The last stage of the work was to give colors and textures to objects, choosing lighting and camera views. You can see this in the Outside tour section of the site.
     The 3D views of cellar room you can also see here were designed in the same way but rendered with Smoothmove extensions which allows to obtain interactive 3D views.

Ipatiev House - Romanov Memorial - The tragic end of the last Czar of Russia
Comparison of cellar room
meshes with photo

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